## Electronic Devices and Circuits

**1-1 And 1-2 Semester**

**English-1**

OBJECTIVE :

1. To imporve the language proficiency of the students in English with emphasis on LSRW skills.

2. To enable the students to study and comprehend the prescribed lessons and subjects more effectively relating to their theorotical and practical components.

3. To develop the communication skills of the students in both formal and informal situations.

**LISTENING SKILLS:**

Objectives:

1. To enable the students to appreciate the role of listening skill and improve their pronounciation.

2. To enable the students to comprehend the speech of people belonging to different backgrounds and regions.

3. To enable the students to listen for general content, to fill up information and for specific information.

**SPEAKING SKILLS:**Objectives:

1. To make the students aware of the importance of speaking for their personal and professional communication.

2. To enable the students to express themselves fluently and accurately in social and professional success.

3. To help the students describe objects, situations and people.

**READING SKILLS:**Objectives:

1. To enable the students to comprehend a text through silent reading.

2. To enable the students to guess the meanings of words, messages and inferences of texts in given contexts.

3. To enable the students to skim and scan a text.

**WRITING SKILLS:**Objectives:

1. To make the students understand that writing is an exact formal skills.

2. To enable the students to write sentences and paragraphs.

3. To make the students identify and use appropriate vocabulary.

**OVERALL COURSE OUTCOME:**1. Using English languages, both written and spoken, competently and correctly.

2. Improving comprehension and fluency of speech.

3. Gaining confidence in using English in verbal situations.

**MATHEMATICS-I**

Course Objectives:

1. The course is designed to equip the students with the necessary mathematical skills and techniques that are essential for an engineering course.

2. The skills derived from the course will help the student from a necessary base to

develop analytic and design concepts.

**Course Outcomes:**

At the end of the Course, Student will be able to:

1. Solve linear differential equations of first, second and higher order.

2. Determine Laplace transform and inverse Laplace transform of various functions and use

Laplace transforms to determine general solution to linear ODE.

3. Calculate total derivative, Jocobian and minima of functions of two variables.

**MATHEMATICS-II**

Course Objectives:

1. The course is designed to equip the students with the necessary mathematical skills and techniques that are essential for an engineering course.

2. The skills derived from the course will help the student from a necessary base to develop analytic and design concepts.

3. Understand the most basic numerical methods to solve simultaneous linear equations.

Course Outcomes: At the end of the Course, Student will be able to:

1. Calculate a root of algebraic and transcendental equations. Explain relation between the finite difference operators.

2. Compute interpolating polynomial for the given data.

3. Solve ordinary differential equations numerically using Euler’s and RK method.

4. Find Fourier series and Fourier transforms for certain functions.

5. Identify/classify and solve the different types of partial differential equations.

**APPLIED PHYSICS**

OBJECTIVES: Physics curriculum which is re-oriented to the needs of Circuital branches of graduate engineering

courses offered by JNTUniv.Kkd. that serves as a transit to understand the branch specific

advanced topics. The courses are designed to:

• Impart Knowledge of Physical Optics phenomena like Interference, Diffraction and Polarization involving required to design instruments with higher resolution.

• Teach Concepts of coherent sources, its realization and utility optical instrumentation.

• Study the concepts regarding the bulk response of materials to the EM fields and their analytically study in the back-drop of basic quantum mechanics.

• Understand the physics of Semiconductors and their working mechanism for their utility in sensors.

**Outcome:**

Construction and working details of instruments, ie., Interferometer, Diffractometer and Polarimeter are learnt. Study EM-fields and semiconductors under the concepts of Quantum mechanics paves way for their optimal utility.

**COMPUTER PROGRAMMING**

objectives:

Formulating algorithmic solutions to problems and implementing algorithms in C.

• Notion of Operation of a CPU, Notion of an algorithm and computational procedure, editing and executing programs in Linux.

• Understanding branching, iteration and data representation using arrays.

• Modular programming and recursive solution formulation.

• Understanding pointers and dynamic memory allocation.

• Understanding miscellaneous aspects of C.

• Comprehension of file operations

**Outcomes:**• Understand the basic terminology used in computer programming.

• Write, compile and debug programs in C language.

• Use different data types in a computer program.

• Design programs involving decision structures, loops and functions.

• Explain the difference between call by value and call by reference.

**ENGINEERING DRAWING**

Objective: Engineering drawing being the principle method of communication for engineers, the objective to introduce the students, the techniques of constructing the various types of polygons, curves and scales. The objective is also to visualize and represent the 3D objects in 2D planes with

proper dimensioning, scaling etc.

• To introduce the use and the application of drawing instruments and to make the students construct the polygons, curves and various types of scales. The student will be able to understand the need to enlarge or reduce the size of objects in representing them.

• To introduce orthographic projections and to project the points and lines parallel to one plane and inclined to other.

• To make the students draw the projections of the lines inclined to both the planes.

• To make the students draw the projections of the plane inclined to both the planes.

**I – II Semester**

**ENGLISH -II**

Objectives:

1. To imporve the language proficiency of the students in English with emphasis on LSRW skills.

2. To enable the students to study and comprehend the prescribed lessons and subjects more effectively relating to their theorotical and practical components.

3. To develop the communication skills of the students in both formal and informal situations.

**LISTENING SKILLS:**Objectives:

1. To enable the students to appreciate the role of listening skill and improve their pronounciation.

2. To enable the students to comprehend the speech of people belonging to different backgrounds and regions.

3. To enable the students to listen for general content, to fill up information and for specific information.

**SPEAKING SKILLS:**Objectives:

1. To make the students aware of the importance of speaking for their personal and professional communication.

2. To enable the students to express themselves fluently and accurately in social and professional success.

**READING SKILLS:**Objectives:

1. To enable the students to comprehend a text through silent reading.

2. To enable the students to guess the meanings of words, messages and inferences of texts in given contexts.

**WRITING SKILLS:**Objectives:

1. To make the students understand that writing is an exact formal skills.

2. To enable the students to write sentences and paragraphs.

3. To make the students identify and use appropriate vocabulary.

Methodology:

1. The class are to be learner-centered where the learners are to read the texts to get a comprehensive idea of those texts on their own with the help of the peer group and the teacher.

2. Integrated skill development methodology has to be adopted with focus on individual language skills as per the tasks/exercise.

**MATHEMATICS-III**

Course Objectives:

1. The course is designed to equip the students with the necessary mathematical skills and techniques that are essential for an engineering course.

2. The skills derived from the course will help the student from a necessary base to develop analytic and design concepts.

3. Understand the most basic numerical methods to solve simultaneous linear equations.

Course Outcomes: At the end of the Course, Student will be able to:

1. Determine rank, Eigenvalues and Eigen vectors of a given matrix and solve simultaneous linear equations.

2. Solve simultaneous linear equations numerically using various matrix methods.

3. Determine double integral over a region and triple integral over a volume.

4. Calculate gradient of a scalar function, divergence and curl of a vector function.

APPLIED CHEMISTRY:

Objectives:

• Plastics are nowadays used in household appliances; also they are used as composites (FRP) in aerospace industries.

• Fuels as a source of energy are a basic need of any industry, particularly industries like thermal power stations, steel industry, fertilizer industry etc., and hence they are introduced.

• The basics for the construction of galvanic cells as well as some of the sensors used in instruments are introduced. Also if corrosion is to be controlled, one has to understand the mechanism of corrosion which itself is explained by electrochemical theory.

• With the increase in demand, a wide variety of materials are coming up; some of them have excellent engineering properties and a few of these materials are introduced

**Outcomes:**

The advantages and limitations of plastic materials and their use in design would be understood. Fuels which are used commonly and their economics, advantages and limitations are discussed. Reasons for corrosion and some methods of corrosion control would be understood. The students would be now aware of materials like nano-materials and fullerenes and their uses. Similarly liquid crystals and superconductors are understood. The importance of green synthesis is well understood and how they are different from conventional methods is also explained. Conductance phenomenon is better understood. The students are exposed to some of the alternative fuels and their advantages and limitations.

**ELECTRICAL & MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY**

**Objectives:**• To learn the basic principles of electrical law’s and analysis of networks.

• To understand the principle of operation and construction details of DC machines.

• To understand the principle of operation and construction details of transformer.

• To understand the principle of operation and construction details of alternator and 3-Phase induction motor.

**Outcomes**:

• Able to analyse the various electrical networks.

• Able to understand the operation of DC generator, DC Motor ,3-point starter and Speed control methods.

• Able to analyse the performance of transformer.

• Able to explain the operation of 3-phase alternator and 3-phase induction motors.

**ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES**

**Objectives:**The objectives of the course is to impart

• Overall understanding of the natural resources

• Basic understanding of the ecosystem and its diversity

• Acquaintance on various environmental challenges induced due to unplanned anthropogenic activities

• An understanding of the environmental impact of developmental activities

**Outcomes**:

The student should have knowledge on

• The natural resources and their importance for the sustenance of the life and recognize the need to conserve the natural resources

• The concepts of the ecosystem and its function in the environment. The need for protecting

the producers and consumers in various ecosystems and their role in the food web

• The biodiversity of India and the threats to biodiversity, and conservation practices to

protect the biodiversity.

**DATA STRUCTURES**

OBJECTIVES:

• To be familiar with basic techniques handling problems with Data structures

• Solve problems using data structures such as linear lists, stacks, queues, hash tables

OUTCOMES:

• Apply advanced data structure strategies for exploring complex data structures.

• Compare and contrast various data structures and design techniques in the area Of Performance.

• Implement all data structures like stacks, queues, trees, lists and graphs and compare their Performance and trade offs

**ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND CIRCUITS**

**Objectives:** The main objectives of this course are:

- The basic concepts of semiconductor physics are to be reviewed.
- Study the physical phenomena such as conduction, transport mechanism and electrical characteristics of different diodes.
- The application of diodes as rectifiers with their operation and characteristics with and without filters are discussed.
- The principal of working and operation of Bipolar Junction Transistor and Field Effect Transistor and their characteristics are explained.
- The need of transistor biasing and its significance is explained. The quiescent point or operating point is explained.
- Small signal equivalent circuit analysis of BJT and FET transistor amplifiers in different configuration is explained.

**Outcomes:** At the end of this course the student can able to:

- Understand the basic concepts of semiconductor physics.
- Understand the formation of p-n junction and how it can be used as a p-n junction as diode in different modes of operation.
- Know the construction, working principle of rectifiers with and without filters with relevant expressions and necessary comparisons.
- Understand the construction, principle of operation of transistors, BJT and FET with their V-I characteristics in different configurations.
- Know the need of transistor biasing, various biasing techniques for BJT and FET and stabilization concepts with necessary expressions.
- Perform the analysis of small signal low frequency transistor amplifier circuits using BJT and FET in different configurations.

**SIGNALS & SYSTEMS**

**OBJECTIVES:** The main objectives of this course are given below:

- To introduce the terminology of signals and systems.
- To introduce Fourier tools through the analogy between vectors and signals.
- To introduce the concept of sampling and reconstruction of signals.
- To analyze the linear systems in time and frequency domains.
- To study z-transform as mathematical tool to analyze discrete-time signals and systems.

**OUTCOMES**: At the end of this course the student will able to:

- Characterize the signals and systems and principles of vector spaces, Concept of orthgonality.
- Analyze the continuous-time signals and continuous-time systems using Fourier series, Fourier transform and Laplace transform.
- Apply sampling theorem to convert continuous-time signals to discrete-time signal and reconstruct back.
- Understand the relationships among the various representations of LTI systems
- Understand the Concepts of convolution, correlation, Energy and Power density spectrum and their relationships.
- Apply z-transform to analyze discrete-time signals and systems.

**NETWORK ANALYSIS**

**COURSE OBJECTIVES:**

1. To understand the basic concepts on RLC circuits.

- To know the behavior of the steady states and transients states in RLC circuits.
- To know the basic Laplace transforms techniques in periods’ waveforms.
- To understand the two port network parameters.
- To understand the properties of LC networks and filters.

**COURSE OUTCOME:**

- gain the knowledge on basic network elements.
- will analyze the RLC circuits behavior in detailed.
- analyze the performance of periodic waveforms.
- gain the knowledge in characteristics of two port network parameters (Z, Y, ABCD, h & g).
- analyze the filter design concepts in real world applications.

**RANDOM VARIABLES & STOCHASTIC PROCESSES**

**OBJECTIVES:**

- To give students an introduction to elementary probability theory, in preparation for courses on statistical analysis, random variables and stochastic processes.
- To mathematically model the random phenomena with the help of probability theory concepts.
- To introduce the important concepts of random variables and stochastic processes.
- To analyze the LTI systems with stationary random process as input.
- To introduce the types of noise and modelling noise sources.

**OUTCOMES:** After completion of the course, the student will be able to

- Mathematically model the random phenomena and solve simple probabilistic problems.
- Identify different types of random variables and compute statistical averages of these random variables.
- Characterize the random processes in the time and frequency domains.
- Analyze the LTI systems with random inputs.
- Apply these techniques to analyze the systems in the presence of different types of noise.

**MANAGERIAL ECONOMICS AND FINANCIAL ANALYSIS**

**Course Objectives:**

- The Learning objectives of this paper is to understand the concept and nature of Managerial Economics and its relationship with other disciplines and also to understand the Concept of Demand and Demand forecasting, Production function, Input Output relationship, Cost-Output relationship and Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis.
- To understand the nature of markets, Methods of Pricing in the different market structures and to know the different forms of Business organization and the concept of Business Cycles.
- To learn different Accounting Systems, preparation of Financial Statement and uses of different tools for performance evaluation. Finally, it is also to understand the concept of Capital, Capital Budgeting and the techniques used to evaluate Capital Budgeting proposals.

**Course Outcome:**

*The Learner is equipped with the knowledge of estimating the Demand and demand elasticities for a product and the knowledge of understanding of the Input-Output-Cost relationships and estimation of the least cost combination of inputs.

* One is also ready to understand the nature of different markets and Price Output determination under various market conditions and also to have the knowledge of different Business Units.

*The Learner is able to prepare Financial Statements and the usage of various Accounting tools for Analysis and to evaluate various investment project proposals with the help of capital budgeting techniques for decision making.

**ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS**

**Objectives**: The main objectives of this course are:

- Small signal high frequency BJT transistor amplifier Hybrid-π equivalent circuit and the expressions for conductances and capacitances are derived.
- Cascading of single stage amplifiers is discussed. Expressions for overall voltage gain are derived.
- The concept of feedback is introduced. Effect of negative feedback on amplifier characteristics is explained and necessary equations are derived.
- Basic principle of oscillator circuits is explained and different oscillator circuits are given with their analysis.
- Power amplifiers Class A, Class B, Class C, Class AB and other types of amplifiers are analyzed.
- Different types of tuned amplifier circuits are analyzed.

**Outcomes**: At the end of this course the student can able to:

- Design and analysis of small signal high frequency transistor amplifier using BJT and FET.
- Design and analysis of multi stage amplifiers using BJT and FET and Differential amplifier using BJT
- Derive the expressions for frequency of oscillation and condition for oscillation of RC and LC oscillators and their amplitude and frequency stability concept.
- Know the classification of the power and tuned amplifiers and their analysis with performance comparison.

**CONTROL SYSTEMS**

**Course objectives**

- To introduce the concepts of open loop and closed loop systems, mathematical models of mechanical and electrical systems, and concepts of feedback
- To study the characteristics of the given system in terms of the transfer function and introducing various approaches to reduce the overall system for necessary analysis
- To develop the acquaintance in analyzing the system response in time-domain and frequency domain in terms of various performance indices
- To analyze the system in terms of absolute stability and relative stability by different approaches
- To design different control systems for different applications as per given specifications
- To introduce the concepts of state variable analysis, design and also the concepts of controllability and observability

**Course Outcomes**

- This course introduces the concepts of feedback and its advantages to various control systems
- The performance metrics to design the control system in time-domain and frequency domain are introduced.
- Control systems for various applications can be designed using time-domain and frequency domain analysis.
- In addition to the conventional approach, the state space approach for the analysis of control systems is also introduced

**EM WAVES AND TRANSMISSION LINES**

**OBJECTIVES**: The main objectives of this course are to understand:

- Fundamentals of steady electric and magnetic fields using various laws
- The concept of static and time varying Maxwell equations and power flow using pointing theorem
- Wave characteristics in different media for normal and oblique incidence
- Various concepts of transmission lines and impedance measurements

**OUTCOMES**: At the end of this course the student can able to:

- Determine E and H using various laws and applications of electric & magnetic fields
- Apply the Maxwell equations to analyze the time varying behavior of EM waves
- Gain the knowledge in uniform plane wave concept and characteristics of uniform plane wave in various media
- Calculate Brewster angle, critical angle and total internal reflection
- Derive the expressions for input impedance of transmission lines
- Calculate reflection coefficient, VSWR etc. using smith chart

**ANALOG COMMUNICATIONS**

**Course Objectives**: Students undergoing this course, are expected to

- Familiarize with the fundamentals of analog communication systems
- Familiarize with various techniques for analog modulation and demodulation of signals
- Distinguish the figure of merits of various analog modulation methods
- Develop the ability to classify and understand various fuctional blocks of radiao transmitters and receivers
- Familiarize with basic techniques for generating and demodulating various pulse modulated signals

**Course Outcomes**: After undergoing the course, students will be able to

- Differentiate various Analog modulation and demodulation schemes and their spectral characteristics 2. Analyze noise characteristics of various analog modulation methods
- Analyze various functional blocks of radiao transmitters and receivers
- Design simple analog systems for various modulation techniques.

**PULSE AND DIGITAL CIRCUITS**

**OBJECTIVES**

The student will be made

- To understand the concept of wave shaping circuits, Switching Characteristics of diode and transistor. • To study the design and analysis of various Multivibrators.
- To understand the functioning of different types of time-base Generators.
- To learn the working of logic families & Sampling Gates.

**OUTCOMES** After going through this course the student will be able to

- Design linear and non-linear wave shaping circuits.
- Apply the fundamental concepts of wave shaping for various switching and signal generating circuits. • Design different multivibrators and time base generators.
- Utilize the non sinusoidal signals in many experimental research areas.

**MANAGEMENT SCIENCE**

**Course Objectives:**

*To familiarize with the process of management and to provide basic insight into select contemporary management practices

*To provide conceptual knowledge on functional management and strategic management.

**Course Outcome:**

*After completion of the Course the student will acquire the knowledge on management functions, global leadership and organizational behavior.

*Will familiarize with the concepts of functional management project management and strategic management.

**COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANIZATION**

**OBJECTIVES:**

- Understand the architecture of a modern computer with its various processing units. Also the Performance measurement of the computer system.
- In addition to this the memory management system of computer.

**OUTCOMES:**

- Students can understand the architecture of modern computer.
- They can analyze the Performance of a computer using performance equation
- Understanding of different instruction types.
- Students can calculate the effective address of an operand by addressing modes
- They can understand how computer stores positive and negative numbers.
- 6 Understanding of how a computer performs arithmetic operation of positive and negative numbers.

**LINEAR IC APPLICATIONS**

**OBJECTIVES**

- To understand the basic operation &performance parameters of differential amplifiers.
- To understand & learn the measuring techniques of performance parameters of OP-AMP
- To learn the linear and non-linear applications of operational amplifiers.
- To understand the analysis & design of different types of active filters using opamps
- To learn the internal structure, operation and applications of different analog ICs
- To Acquire skills required for designing and testing integrated circuits

**OUTCOMES**

- Design circuits using operational amplifiers for various applications.
- Analyze and design amplifiers and active filters using Op-amp.
- Diagnose and trouble-shoot linear electronic circuits.
- Understand the gain-bandwidth concept and frequency response of the amplifier configurations.
- Understand thoroughly the operational amplifiers with linear integrated circuits.

**DIGITAL IC APPLICATIONS**

**OBJECTIVES** The main objectives of this course are:

- Introduction of digital logic families and interfacing concepts for digital design is considered.
- VHDL fundamentals were discussed to modeling the digital system design blocks.
- VHDL compilers, simulators and synthesis tools are described, which are used to verify digital systems in a technology-independent fashion.
- Design and implementation of combinational and sequential digital logic circuits is explained.

**Outcomes**: At the end of this course the student can able to:

- Understand the structure of commercially available digital integrated circuit families.
- Learn the IEEE Standard 1076 Hardware Description Language (VHDL).
- Model complex digital systems at several levels of abstractions, behavioral, structural, simulation, synthesis and rapid system prototyping.
- Analyze and design basic digital circuits with combinatorial and sequential logic circuits using VHDL.

**DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS**

**Course Objectives**:

1.Understand different pulse digital modulation techniques and their comparision

2.Familiarize various digital modulation techniques and calculation of their error probabilities

- Understand the concept of entropy and different source coding techniques
- Familirize with block codes, cyclic codes and convolutional codes

**Course Outcomes**: After undergoing the course students will be able to:

- Determine the performance of different waveform coding techniques for the generation and digital representation of the signals.
- Determine the probability of error for various digital modulation schemes
- Analyze different source coding techniques
- Compute and analyze different error control coding schemes for the reliable transmission of digital information over the channel.

**ANTENNA AND WAVE PROPAGATION**

**OBJECTIVES** The student will be able to

- understand the applications of the electromagnetic waves in free space.
- introduce the working principles of various types of antennas
- discuss the major applications of antennas with an emphasis on how antennas are employed to meet electronic system requirements.
- understand the concepts of radio wave propagation in the atmosphere

**OUTCOMES** After going through this course the student will be able to

- Identify basic antenna parameters.
- Design and analyze wire antennas, loop antennas, reflector antennas, lens antennas, horn antennas and microstrip antennas
- Quantify the fields radiated by various types of antennas
- Design and analyze antenna arrays
- Analyze antenna measurements to assess antenna’s performance
- Identify the characteristics of radio wave propagation

**PROFESSIONAL ETHICSAND HUMAN VALUES**

**Course Objectives**:

*To give basic insights and inputs to the student to inculcate Human values to grow as a responsible human beings with proper personality.

*Professional Ethics instills the student to maintain ethical conduct and discharge their professional duties.

**Outcome**:

*It gives a comprehensive understanding of a variety issues that are encountered by every professional in discharging professional duties.

*It provides the student the sensitivity and global outlook in the contemporary world to fulfill the professional obligations effectively

**MICROWAVE ENGINEERING**

**OBJECTIVES** The student will

• Understand fundamental characteristics of waveguides and Microstrip lines through electromagnetic field analysis.

• Understand the basic properties of waveguide components and Ferrite materials composition

• Understand the function, design, and integration of the major microwave components oscillators, power amplifier.

• Understand a Microwave test bench setup for measurements.

**OUTCOMES** : After going through this course the student will be able to

• Design different modes in waveguide structures

• Calculate S-matrix for various waveguide components and splitting the microwave energy in a desired direction

• Distinguish between Microwave tubes and Solid State Devices, calculation of efficiency of devices.

• Measure various microwave parameters using a Microwave test bench

**VLSI DESIGN**

**Objectives:** The main objectives of this course are:

• Basic characteristics of MOS transistor and examines various possibilities for configuring inverter circuits and aspects of latch-up are considered.

• Design processes are aided by simple concepts such as stick and symbolic diagrams but the key element is a set of design rules, which are explained clearly.

• Basic circuit concepts are introduced for MOS processes we can set out approximate circuit parameters which greatly ease the design process.

**Outcomes**: At the end of this course the student can able to:

• Understand the properties of MOS active devices and simple circuits configured when using them and the reason for such encumbrances as ratio rules by which circuits can be interconnected in silicon.

• Know three sets of design rules with which nMOS and CMOS designs may be fabricated.

• Understand the scaling factors determining the characteristics and performance of MOS circuits in silicon.

**DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING**

**OBJECTIVES** The student will be able to

• Analyze the Discrete Time Signals and Systems

• Know the importance of FFT algorithm for computation of Discrete Fourier Transform

• Understand the various implementations of digital filter structures

• Learn the FIR and IIR Filter design procedures

• Know the need of Multirate Processing

• Learn the concepts of DSP Processors

**OUTCOMES** After going through this course the student will be able to

• Apply the difference equations concept in the anayziation of Discrete time systems

• Use the FFT algorithm for solving the DFT of a given signal

• Design a Digital filter (FIR&IIR) from the given specifications

• Realize the FIR and IIR structures from the designed digital filter.

• Use the Multirate Processing concepts in various applications(eg: Design of phase shifters, Interfacing of digital systems…)

• Apply the signal processing concepts on DSP Processor.

**OOPS THROUGH JAVA OPEN ELECTIVE**

**OBJECTIVES**:

• Understanding the OOP’s concepts, classes and objects, threads, files, applets, swings and act.

• This course introduces computer programming using the JAVA programming language with objectoriented programming principles.

• Emphasis is placed on event-driven programming methods, including creating and manipulating objects, classes, and using Java for network level programming and middleware development

**OUTCOMES**:

• Understand Java programming concepts and utilize Java Graphical User Interface in Program writing.

• Write, compile, execute and troubleshoot Java programming for networking concepts.

• Build Java Application for distributed environment.

• Design and Develop multi-tier applications.

**DATA MINING OPEN ELECTIVE**

**OBJECTIVES**:

• Students will be enabled to understand and implement classical models and algorithms in data warehousing and data mining.

• They will learn how to analyze the data, identify the problems, and choose the relevant models and algorithms to apply.

• They will further be able to assess the strengths and weaknesses of various methods and algorithms and to analyze their behavior.

**OUTCOMES**:

• Understand stages in building a Data Warehouse

• Understand the need and importance of preprocessing techniques

• Understand the need and importance of Similarity and dissimilarity techniques

• Analyze and evaluate performance of algorithms for Association Rules.

• Analyze Classification and Clustering algorithms

**RADAR SYSTEMS**

**OBJECTIVES** The student will be introduced to:

1. The Basic Principle of radar and radar range equation.

2. Different types of radars; CW, FM-CW, MTI and pulse Doppler radars.

3. Understand the different tracking techniques for radar.

4. Understand the characteristics of a matched filter receiver and its performance.

5. Understand the different types of displays, duplexers and antennas used in radar systems.

**OUTCOMES** After going through this course the student will be able to:

1. Derive the radar range equation and to solve some analytical problems.

2. Understand the different types of radars and its applications.

3. Understand the concept of tracking and different tracking techniques.

4. Understand the various components of radar receiver and its performanc.

**DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING**

**Course Objectives**: Students undergoing this course are expected to:

1. Familiarize with basic concepts of digital image processing and different image transforms

2. Learn various image processing techniques like image enhancement, restoration, segmentation and compression

3. Understand color fundamentals and different color models

4. Understand wavelets and morphological image processing

**Course Outcomes**: After undergoing the course students will be able to

1. Perform image manipulations and different digital image processing techniques

2. Perform basic operations like – Enhancement, segmentation, compression,Image transforms and restoration techniques on image.

3. Analyze pseudo and fullcolor image processing techniques.

4. Apply various morphological operators on images

**COMPUTER NETWORKS**

**OBJECTIVES**:

• Understand state-of-the-art in network protocols, architectures, and applications.

• Process of networking research

• Constraints and thought processes for networking research

• Problem Formulation—Approach—Analysis—

**OUTCOMES**:

• Understand OSI and TCP/IP models

• Analyze MAC layer protocols and LAN technologies

• Design applications using internet protocols

• Understand routing and congestion control algorithms

•Understand how internet works

**OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS**

**OBJECTIVES** The student will be introduced to the functionality of each of the components that comprise a fiber-optic communication system

• the properties of optical fiber that affect the performance of a communication link and types of fiber materials with their properties and the losses occur in fibers.

• the principles of single and multi-mode optical fibers and their characteristics

• working of semiconductor lasers, and differentiate between direct modulation and external electro-optic modulation.

• Analyze the operation of LEDs, laser diodes, and PIN photo detectors (spectral properties, bandwidth, and circuits) and apply in optical systems.

• Analyze and design optical communication and fiber optic sensor systems.

• the models of analog and digital receivers.

**OUTCOMES** After going through this course the student will be able to

• Choose necessary components required in modern optical communications systems .

• Design and build optical fiber experiments in the laboratory, and learn how to calculate electromagnetic modes in waveguides, the amount of light lost going through an optical system, dispersion of optical fibers.

• Use different types of photo detectors and optical test equipment to analyze optical fiber and light wave systems.

• Choose the optical cables for better communication with minimum losses Design, build, and demonstrate optical fiber experiments in the laboratory.

**EMBEDDED SYSTEMS ELECTIVE – II**

**OBJECTIVES**: The main objectives of this course are given below:

• The basic concepts of an embedded system are introduced.

• The various elements of embedded hardware and their design principles are explained.

• Different steps involved in the design and development of firmware for embedded systems is elaborated.

• Internals of Real-Time operating system and the fundamentals of RTOS based embedded firmware design is discussed.

• Fundamental issues in hardware software co-design were presented and explained.

• Familiarise with the different IDEs for firmware development for different family of processors/controllers and embedded operating systems.

• Embedded system implementation and testing tools are introduced and discussed.

**Outcomes**: At the end of this course the student can able to:

• Understand the basic concepts of an embedded system and able to know an embedded system design approach to perform a specific function.

• The hardware components required for an embedded system and the design approach of an embedded hardware.

• The various embedded firmware design approaches on embedded environment.

• Understand how to integrate hardware and firmware of an embedded system using real time operating system.

**CELLULAR AND MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS**

**OBJECTIVES** The student will be introduced to:

1. Understand the basic cellular concepts like frequency reuse, cell splitting, cell sectoring etc., and various cellular systems.

2. Understand the different types of interference s influencing cellular and mobile communications.

3. Understand the frequency management, channel assignment and various propagation effects in cellular environment.

4. Understand the different types antennas used at cell site and mobile.

5. Understand the concepts of handoff and types of handoffs.

6. Understand the architectures of GSM and 3G cellular systems.

**Outcomes**: At the end of this course the student can able to:

1. Identify the limitations of conventional mobile telephone systems; understand the concepts of cellular systems.

2. Understand the frequency management, channel assignment strategies and antennas in cellular systems.

3. Understand the concepts of handoff and architectures of various cellular systems.

**ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION**

**OUTCOMES** The student will be able to

• Select the instrument to be used based on the requirements.

• Understand and analyze different signal generators and analyzers.

• Understand the design of oscilloscopes for different applications.

• Design different transducers for measurement of different parameters.

**SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS**

**OBJECTIVES** The student will be introduced to:

1. Understand the basic concepts, applications, frequencies used and types of satellite communications.

2. Understand the concept of look angles, launches and launch vehicles and orbital effects in satellite communications.

3. Understand the various satellite subsystems and its functionality.

4. Understand the concepts of satellite link design and calculation of C/N ratio.

5. Understand the concepts of multiple access and various types of multiple access techniques in satellite systems.

6. Understand the concepts of satellite navigation, architecture and applications of GPS.

**Outcomes**: At the end of this course the student can able to:

1. Understand the concepts, applications and subsystems of Satellite communications.

2. Derive the expression for G/T ratio and to solve some analytical problems on satellite link design.

3. Understand the various types of multiple access techniques and architecture of earth station design.

4. Understand the concepts of GPS and its architecture.

**DIGITAL IC DESIGN ELECTIVE-III**

**OBJECTIVES**

- The student will be able to understand the MOS Design.
- In this course, students can study Combinational MOS Logic Circuits and Sequential MOS Logic Circuits.
- Another main object of this course is to motivate the graduate students to design and to develop the Digital Integreated Circuits for different Applications.
- The concepts of Semiconductor Memories, Flash Memory, RAM array organization.

**OUTCOMES** After going through this course the student will be able to • Understand the concepts of MOS Design.

• Design and analysis of Combinational and Sequential MOS Circuits. • Extend the Digital IC Design to Different Applications.

• Understand the Concepts of Semiconductor Memories, Flash Memory, RAM array organization.

**OPERATING SYSTEMS ELECTIVE-III**

**OBJECTIVES**:

- Study the basic concepts and functions of operating systems.
- Understand the structure and functions of OS.
- Learn about Processes, Threads and Scheduling algorithms.
- Understand the principles of concurrency and Deadlocks.
- Learn various memory management schemes.
- Study I/O management and File systems.
- Learn the basics of Linux system and perform administrative tasks on Linux Servers.

**OUTCOMES**:

• Design various Scheduling algorithms.

• Apply the principles of concurrency.

• Design deadlock, prevention and avoidance algorithms.

• Compare and contrast various memory management schemes.

• Design and Implement a prototype file systems.

• Perform administrative tasks on Linux Servers

• Introduction to Android Operating System Internals